Pakistan Missile Milestones – 1961-2014

1961: Establishment of the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), Pakistan’s space agency. 1962: The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) helps train Pakistani scientists and engineers. Pakistan…

Pakistan Nuclear Milestones, 1955-2009

1955: Establishment of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC). 1965: Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announces “If India builds the bomb, we will eat grass or leaves, even go hungry. But…

Nukes ‘R’ Us

The New York Times March 4, 2004, p. A31 WASHINGTON – America’s relations with Pakistan and several other Asian countries have been rocked by the discovery of the vast smuggling…

Pakistan Nuclear Update – 2003

Nuclear program overview Pakistan continues to increase its nuclear weapon capability, and to import the necessary dual-use equipment and materials. The country is now estimated to possess an arsenal of…

Pakistan Missile Update – 2003

Missile tests Pakistan continues to develop its ballistic missile capability with foreign assistance and has pursued an ambitious testing program. In May 2002, Pakistan flight-tested its solid-fueled Abdali (Hatf 2)…

Pakistan Nuclear Update – 2001

Pakistan continues to develop and expand its nuclear weapon capability. Islamabad now possesses an arsenal of approximately 30-50 nuclear weapons. Pakistan claimed that its nuclear blasts in May 1998 had…

Pakistan’s Main Nuclear Sites

A. Q. Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) (Kahuta) – nuclear weapon research and development; uranium enrichment Atomic Energy Minerals Center (Lahore) – uranium and nuclear mineral resource development; runs ore pilot…

Pakistan Missile Update – 2000

Pakistan continues to pursue an ambitious program for building ballistic missiles. Pakistan has acquired a series of solid fuel missiles from China, a series of liquid fuel missiles from North…

Pakistan Nuclear Update – 2000

Since conducting nuclear tests in May 1998, Pakistan has continued to develop its nuclear weapon program. Two new reactors and a plutonium processing facility have become operational, and Pakistan may…